This section is from a folder entitled Canada.
Within the folder there were sheets with "Facts Canada" printed down
at the bottom. The folder is from Foreign Affairs and International Trade. If
you think that there is anything wrong with this page or you have a fact that
you think is worth while putting up here I would love to here from you.
- Canada became The Dominion of Canada on July
1st, 1867. We officially became a country in 1982.
- Canada is a constitutional monarchy and a
federal state with a democratic parliament.
- The Parliament is in Ottawa and is comprised
of the House of Commons (Lower House) and the Senate (The Upper House -
whose members are appointed)
- Members of Parliament are elected
approximately every 4 years. Elections may be called early or terms can be
as long as 5 years. A vote of non-confidence in the government (where the
government no longer has the support of 50 percent of the House) may also
force an election. This occurred in 1979 when PM Joe Clark's government lost
the support of the House and an election was called within a year of that
government coming to power. Senators are appointed by the Prime Minister and
hold their positions until they are 75.
- Right now there are currently 5 officially
recognized parties in the House of Commons: The Liberals, Canadian Alliance,
Bloc Quebecois, Progressive Conservatives and the New Democratic Party.
- Canada currently sits on the United Nations
Security Council as a non-permanent representative.
- Canada is a member of many international
organizations including NATO, OSCE, OAS and APEC.
- Canada's land mass is 9 970610 km2
(The world's second largest country)
- Ottawa is the Capital of Canada (located in
- Canada has 10 provinces and 3 territories.
(For more info - see Regions
- There are more than 100 national parks and
historic sites in Canada. (Many Provincial too)
- Mountain Ranges include: Torngats,
Appalachians, Laurentians, Rocky, Costal, Mackenzie, Mt.St. Elias and the
- At 6050 m above sea level, Mount Logan in the
Yukon is Canada's tallest peak.
- Great Bear lake is the largest lake in Canada
with an area of 31 326 km2
- The longest river is the Mackenzie River
flowing 4241 km through the NWT.
- Canada has six time zones. In NFLD the time
zone is 3 hours and 30 minutes past Greenwich Mean Time (GMT) The other time
zones are full hours behind GMT. The farthest west is the Pacific at 8 hours
- Canada's capital, Ottawa, has the coldest
average temperature of any capital city in the world. (I was there in
January, 2000 and can talk about this from experience... although it's more
- The National emblem is the maple leaf and has
been associated with Canada since the 1700's.
- The flag of Canada has two red bars and a
white center - within there being a maple leaf. It was adopted as the
National Flag in 1965. (Before hand Canada used the Union Jack - the British
Flag for its flag.)
- The National Anthem for Canada is "O
Canada" - proclaimed on July 1st 1980 - a century after being sung for
the first time. (Before hand Canadians sang God Save the Queen/King)
Money and Economic Facts
- The Canadian dollar is divided into 100 cents
(like the American dollar)
- In Canada $1 and $2 are represented by coins.
Nicknamed the "loonie" (because there is a loon on it) and the
Twonie (I guess because it rhymes with loonie.)
- Principle Natural Resources are: natural gas,
oil, gold, coal, copper, iron ore, nickel, potash, uranium, and zinc along
with wood and water.
- The GDP for Canada in 1992 (recession year)
was (in Canadian Dollars) $668.5 Billion.
- Leading Industries: automobile manufacturing,
pulp and paper, iron, steel work, machinery and equipment manufacturing,
mining, extraction of fossil fuels, forestry and agriculture.
- Leading exports are: automobile vehicles and
parts, machinery and equipment, high technology products, oil, natural gas,
metals and forest farm products.
- Imports are: machinery and industrial
equipment, (communications and electronic equipment, vehicles and automobile
parts, industrial materials (ie: metal ores, iron, steel, precious metals,
chemicals, plastics, cotton, wool and other textiles) along with
manufactured products and food.
- The population of Canada as of October 1996
was 30 000 000 (30 million)
- The largest city in Canada is Toronto followed
by Montreal, Vancoucer, Ottawa-Hull, and Edmonton
- 76.6 per cent of Canadians live in cities and
towns while 23.4 per cent live in rural areas.
- 31 per cent of the population live in the
largest cities of Toronto, Montreal and Vancouver
- The life expectancy of a Canadian woman is 80
years and a Canadian man is 73 years
- The size of the average family is 3.1 people
(including 1.3 children
- Multiculturalism (as opposed to the melting
pot ideology) was officially recognized in 1988 with the Multiculturalism
- Majority of Canadians are Christians 54.2
percent of Canadians are Roman Catholic, other religions in Canada include:
Protestantism, Judaism, Islam, Hinduism, Sikhism and Buddhism
- In 1991: 16.1 Canadians had a mother tongue of
English, 6.5 million had a mother tongue of French (many Canadians had
another mother tongue but spoke one or both official languages.
- The largest ethnic groups in Canada are:
British, French, German, Italian, Ukrainian, Dutch, Polish, Chinese, South
Asian, Jewish, West Indian, Portuguese and Scandinavian
- Canada has one of the world's highest living
standards. In 1991: 83 percent of households had 1 car, 97.5 had color
televisions and 1 out of 5 had a computer. (surely that has increased by
- All Canadian have free access to health care
with the exception of dental services. Most people over 65 receive their
prescriptions for free.
- Canada has an extensive social safety network
with old age pensions, family allowance, unemployment insurance and welfare.
- Popular sports in Canada include Ice Hockey,
swimming, cross-country and alpine skiing, baseball, tennis, basketball,
soccer and golf. Many would suggest that the most preferred spectator sports
are Ice hockey and Canadian Football.
- In 1991 there were 533 000 status or
non-status Indians and over one million claimed to be of native descent. Of
these 783 980 were NA Indians, 212 650 were Metis and 49 255 were Inuit
- 295 032 natives lived on reserves in 1991.
- The only indigenous culture in Canada is that
of the Native peoples since all other Canadians were originally immigrants.